Lindsay S. Gibson

Lindsay Gibson

Lindsay is a Ph.D. Candidate in the Centre for the Study of Historical Consciousness in the Department of Curriculum and Pedagogy at the University of British Columbia where he is currently working on his dissertation research. He also works as a member of the Instructional Leadership Team in School District #23 (Kelowna, British Columbia) were he previously taught secondary school history and social studies for eleven years. He has been working with the Historical Thinking Project since 2008 as a leader of a pilot district that used historical thinking concepts to teach students about the Interwar period in Canada, and as a presenter at a variety of conferences and professional development days. Lindsay has also worked as writer and editor for a variety of The Critical Thinking Consortium (TC2) history education projects including History Docs, Historical Tools for Thought, Thinking about History Take 2 videos, World War I Internment, Chinese Canadian Stories – Uncommon Histories from a Common Past, and the Komagata Maru: Continuing the Journey.

What is a Benchmark?

<p>John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising &amp; Marketing History,<br />Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections</p>

A surveyor cut a "benchmark" into a stone or a wall when measuring the altitude and/or level of a tract of land. A bracket called a "bench" was secured in the cut to mount the surveying equipment, and all subsequent measurements were made in reference to the position and height of that mark.

The term "benchmark" was first used around 1842 to refer to a standard of quality by which achievement may be measured.

The foundation documents available through the Benchmarks site attempt to help teachers establish standards for assessing student learning of the modes of thought that constitute historical thinking.

John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History,
Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections