Les Six Concepts

Now available!

(Published on 5 June 2013)

The Big Six: Historical Thinking Concepts now available in French!

The French edition of The Big Six: Historical Thinking Concepts is now available!

Les Six Concepts: de la pensée historique can be purchased at http://scolaire.groupemodulo.com/2826-les-six-concepts-de-la-pensee-historique-produit.html

What is a Benchmark?

<p>John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising &amp; Marketing History,<br />Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections</p>

A surveyor cut a "benchmark" into a stone or a wall when measuring the altitude and/or level of a tract of land. A bracket called a "bench" was secured in the cut to mount the surveying equipment, and all subsequent measurements were made in reference to the position and height of that mark.

The term "benchmark" was first used around 1842 to refer to a standard of quality by which achievement may be measured.

The foundation documents available through the Benchmarks site attempt to help teachers establish standards for assessing student learning of the modes of thought that constitute historical thinking.

John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History,
Duke University Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections